Morgenthau, Henry

   Morgenthau was President ROOSEVELT’s Secretary of the Treasury from 1934 until the end of the war. During the war his one overriding task was to finance a mammoth war economy and war production without prompting correspondingly great inflation. This he did by maintaining high taxes and by selling Defense (later called ‘War’) Savings Bonds. Morgenthau was also responsible for the freezing of Japanese assets before the war in the Far East and for organizing economic measures against the Axis Powers. He also put the Lend- Lease Program into operation. At the Quebec Conference of September 1944 Morgenthau put forward a plan to settle the long-disputed fate of postwar Germany. The Morgenthau Plan advocated enforcing agrarianism on Germany, in which most industry would be dismantled and the sites turned into arable land. This plan actually had the support of CHURCHILL and Roosevelt but not of their Cabinets. Thus when the plan was leaked to the public they abandoned it quickly. The fact that Morgenthau was a Jew allowed GOEBBELS to use both him and his plan for anti-Allied propaganda—a warning to Germans of what would happen should Germany surrender.

Who’s Who in World War Two . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. — (1891 1967)    Henry Morgenthau was born into a wealthy Jewish family in New York City and educated at Phillips Exeter Academy, Sachs Collegiate Institute, and Cornell University, but he left the university after three years in 1913 without… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. — (1891–1967)    As secretary of the Treasury, Morgenthau was the highest ranking Jew in the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt. During his tenure as Treasury secretary, Morgenthau had considerable influence with the president and, as the… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. — born May 11, 1891, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 6, 1967, Poughkeepsie, N.Y. U.S. public official. He was editor of American Agriculturist (1922–33) and a close friend of Franklin D. Roosevelt. As secretary of the treasury in Roosevelt s cabinet …   Universalium

  • Morgenthau, Henry Jr. — (1891 1967)    American agriculturalist and politician, son of Henry Morgenthau. He was born in New York. He became chairman of the Agricultural Advisory Commission in 1928, and in 1934 was appointed secretary to the Treasury. He was active in a… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Morgenthau, Henry — (1856 1946)    American financier and diplomat. He was born in Mannheim, Germany, and settled in the US in 1865. Initially he practised law, but then became active in real estate and banking. From 1913 to 1916 he was US ambassador to Turkey.… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. — (11 may. 1891, Nueva York, N.Y. EE.UU.–6 feb. 1967, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.). Funcionario público estadounidense. Fue director del American Agriculturist (1922–33) y amigo íntimo de Franklin D. Roosevelt. En su calidad de secretario del tesoro en el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr. —  (1891–1967) American statesman, secretary of the treasury (1934–1945) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Henry Morgenthau, Jr. — Henry Morgenthau, Jr. 52nd United States Secretary of the Treasury In office January 1, 1934 – July 22, 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1934 1945) …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Morgenthau, Sr. — Henry Morgenthau 26th United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire In office 1913–1916 President Woodrow Wilson …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Morgenthau — junior [ˈmɔːrgənθɔː] (* 11. Mai 1891 in Poughkeepsie, New York; † 6. Februar 1967 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Von 1934 bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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